This was the bill the Landscape Department of the PPIE paid to the California Nursery Company. Among the many flowers and trees on this shipping order, there were also 71 Canary Palms and 104 Fan Palms.
This map is of the path the palms used in the exposition. It tracks their start from Niles at the California Nursery Company and their shipment by rail to the Western Pacific Oakland mole. From there, it took a ferry across the Bay to the Exposition site. It was then loaded back onto railcars to be shipped to the Avenue of Palms.
The Fancher Creek Nurseries was a sister nursery to the California Nursery Company, both being owned by George C. Roeding. At the PPIE, they were awarded the second place prize for their grapes.
This is a map of the PPIE hosted in San Francisco in 1915. It's main purpose was to celebrate the completion of the Panama Canal, but it also symbolized the revival of San Francisco after the devastating 1906 earthquake.
The palms took over two years to grow and prepare for their shipment from Niles across the bay to PPIE site in the Marina District of San Francisco.
Horses were used to pull the palms on their trip from the nursery to the Western Pacific Railway. The boxed palms were then shipped to Oakland harbor, where these palms were transferred into freight ferries. Some unshipped, boxed trees can still be found at the California Nursery Historical Park (36550 Niles Blvd, Fremont, CA 94536).
Situating the heavy palm boxes into their proper location in the Avenue of Palms was another challenge that took several men and horses.
All of the palms provided by the California Nursery Company were used in the Avenue of Palms. The Avenue of Palms was a long street lined with small Fan Palms And Canary Palms on both sides. It provided a walkway for visitors to walk or bike through
The large group pictured by the palm tree shows how much it took just to place one. In total, over one hundred palms were used on the Avenue of Palms.
Beyond just palms trees, the California Nursery Company also grew a wide variety of other fruit and ornamental trees.
This farrier forge was used to heat up horse shoes before putting them on the horses.
Laura Ackley's book, San Francisco's Jewel City, is a product of fifteen years of research. It looks at the planning and construction of the PPIE, its visitors, and the scandals that laid behind this exposition. The illustration above is based on photo on Avenue of Palms, as indicated by the palm leaf in the upper right corner.
These were medals awarded to the California Nursery Company for their plants, including trees, vegetables, and fruit. These were all given at a ceremony during the Panama Pacific International Exposition..
Most of the palm trees on the Avenue of Palms at the PPIE were provided by the California Historical Nursery.